IRS Pub. 17, Your Federal Income Tax
Medical savings accounts (MSAs).
The treatment of a medical savings account (MSA) at the death of
the account holder depends on who acquires the interest in the
account. For details, see the discussion of MSAs under How To
Report Certain Income, and Income in Respect of the
Accelerated death benefits.
Certain payments received under a life insurance contract on the
life of a terminally or chronically ill individual before the
individual's death (an accelerated death benefit) can be excluded from
income. For more information, see Accelerated Death Benefits,
Consistent treatment of estate and trust items.
Beneficiaries must generally treat estate items the same way on
their individual returns as they are treated on the estate's return.
For more information, see How and When to Report, under
Distributions to Beneficiaries from an Estate, in
Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators.
65-day rule for estates.
Personal representatives can elect to treat distributions paid or
credited by the estate within 65 days after the close of the estate's
tax year as having been paid or credited on the last day of that tax
year. For more information, see Distributions to Beneficiaries
from an Estate in Publication 559.
Estates and beneficiaries treated as related persons for
disallowance of certain items.
Various tax provisions are affected by the treatment of an estate
and a beneficiary of the estate as related persons, including the one
that denies a deduction for a loss on the sale of an asset between the
The change does not apply to a sale or exchange made to satisfy a
For more information, see Income to Include and
Losses under Income Tax Return of an Estate-Form
1041 in Publication 559.
Survivor benefits of public safety officers.
Generally, a survivor annuity paid to the spouse, former spouse, or
child of a public safety officer killed in the line of duty is
excluded from the recipient's gross income. This applies to officers
dying after 1996. For more information, see Gifts, Insurance, and
Inheritances in Publication 559.
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