If you had to repay an amount that you included in your income in an earlier year, you may be able to deduct the amount repaid from your income for the year in which you repaid it. Or, if the amount you repaid is more than $3,000, you may be able to take a credit against your tax for the year in which you repaid it. Generally, you can claim a deduction or credit only if the repayment qualifies as an expense or loss incurred in your trade or business or in a for-profit transaction.
Type of deduction.
The type of deduction you are allowed in the year of repayment depends on the type of income you included in the earlier year. For instance, if you repay an amount that you previously reported as a capital gain, deduct the repayment as a capital loss.
Repayment- $3,000 or less.
If the amount you repaid was $3,000 or less, deduct it from your income in the year you repaid it. If you repaid an amount that you reported as wages, unemployment compensation, or other nonbusiness ordinary income, enter it on line 22 of Schedule A (Form 1040). If you repaid an amount that you reported as a capital gain, deduct it on Schedule D (Form 1040).
If the amount you repaid was more than $3,000, you can deduct the repayment, as described earlier. However, you can instead choose to take a tax credit for the year of repayment if you included the income under a claim of right . This means that at the time you included the income, it appeared that you had an unrestricted right to it. If you qualify for this choice, figure your tax under both methods and compare the results. Use the method (deduction or credit) that results in less tax.
Figure your tax for 2000 claiming a deduction for the repaid amount.
Figure your tax for 2000 claiming a credit for the repaid amount. Follow these steps.
- Figure your tax for 2000 without deducting the repaid amount.
- Refigure your tax from the earlier year without including in income the amount you repaid in 2000.
- Subtract the tax in (2) from the tax shown on your return for the earlier year. This is the credit.
- Subtract the answer in (3) from the tax for 2000 figured without the deduction (Step 1).
If method 1 results in less tax, deduct the amount repaid on the same form or schedule on which you previously reported it. For example, if you reported it as self-employment income, deduct it as a business deduction on Schedule C or Schedule C-EZ (Form 1040). If you reported it as wages, deduct it as an individual deduction on line 27 of Schedule A (Form 1040).
If method 2 results in less tax, claim the credit on line 64 of Form 1040, and write "I.R.C. 1341" next to line 64.
An example of this computation can be found in Publication 525.
Repaid social security benefits.
If you repaid social security benefits, see Repayment of benefits in chapter 12.
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