Tips your employee receives from customers are generally subject to withholding. Your employee must report cash tips to you by the 10th of the
month after the month the tips are received. The report should include tips you paid over to the employee for charge customers and tips the employee
received directly from customers. No report is required for months when tips are less than $20. Your employee reports the tips on Form 4070,
Employee's Report of Tips to Employer, or on a similar statement. The statement must be signed by the employee and must show the following:
- The employee's name, address, and SSN.
- Your name and address.
- The month or period the report covers.
- The total tips.
Both Forms 4070 and 4070-A, Employee's Daily Record of Tips, are included in Pub. 1244, Employee's Daily Record of Tips and
Report to Employer.
You must collect income tax, employee social security tax, and employee Medicare tax on the employee's tips. You can collect these taxes from the
employee's wages or from other funds he or she makes available. (See Tips treated as supplemental wages in section 7 for further
information.) Stop collecting the employee social security tax when his or her wages and tips for tax year 2002 reach $84,900; collect the income and
employee Medicare taxes for the whole year on all wages and tips. You are responsible for the employer social security tax on wages and tips until the
wages (including tips) reach the limit. You are responsible for the employer Medicare tax for the whole year on all wages and tips. File Form 941 to
report withholding on tips.
If, by the 10th of the month after the month you received an employee's report on tips, you do not have enough employee funds available to deduct
the employee tax, you no longer have to collect it. If there are not enough funds available, withhold taxes in the following order:
- Withhold on regular wages and other compensation.
- Withhold social security and Medicare taxes on tips.
- Withhold income tax on tips.
Show these tips and any uncollected social security and Medicare taxes on Form W-2 and on lines 6c, 6d, 7a, and 7b of Form 941. Report an
adjustment on line 9 of Form 941 for the uncollected social security and Medicare taxes. Enter the amount of uncollected social security and Medicare
taxes in box 12 of Form W-2 with codes A and B. (See section 13 and the Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3.)
If an employee reports to you in writing $20 or more of tips in a month, the tips are subject to FUTA tax.
You are permitted to establish a system for electronic tip reporting by employees. See Regulations section 31.6053-1.
If you operate a large food or beverage establishment, you must report allocated tips under certain circumstances. However, do not withhold income,
social security, or Medicare taxes on allocated tips.
A large food or beverage establishment is one that provides food or beverages for consumption on the premises, where tipping is customary, and
where there are normally more than 10 employees on a typical business day during the preceding year.
The tips may be allocated by one of three methods--hours worked, gross receipts, or good faith agreement. For information about these
allocation methods, including the requirement to file Forms 8027 on magnetic media if 250 or more forms are filed, see the separate Instructions
for Form 8027.
Tip Rate Determination and Education Program.
Employers may participate in the Tip Rate Determination and Education Program. The program consists of two voluntary agreements developed to
improve tip income reporting by helping taxpayers to understand and meet their tip reporting responsibilities. The two agreements are the Tip
Rate Determination Agreement
(TRDA) and the Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment (TRAC).
To find out more about this program, or to identify the IRS Tip Coordinator for your state,
call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040. To get more information about TRDA or TRAC agreements, access the IRS Web Site at www.irs.gov and search
for Market Segment Understanding (MSU) agreements.
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